Robert W. Galvin transformed Motorola into a global leader in the manufacture and distribution of cellular phones and other telecommunications devices. Under his leadership, Motorola developed the Six Sigma quality improvement strategy, earning it the first Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award in 1988. He became an IIT trustee in 1953 and served as board chairman from 1979–1990. He and Robert A. Pritzker co-initiated the IIT Challenge Campaign with their $120 million gift in 1996. He received the National Medal of Technology and Innovation in 1991 and was elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering in 2002.